Mangroves are various types of trees up to medium height and shrubs that grow in saline coastal sediment habitats in the tropics and subtropics.
More than one in six mangrove species worldwide are in danger of extinction due to coastal development and other factors, including climate change, logging and agriculture, according to the first-ever global assessment on the conservation status of mangroves for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
“Mangroves live life on the edge. With one foot on land and one in the sea. Mangroves form are among the most productive and biologically complex ecosystems on Earth. Birds roost in them, shellfish attach themselves to the roots and they provide nursery grounds for fish and a source nectar for honeybees”.
They are the coastal equivalent of rainforests, they provide shelter for an incredible range of plant and animal life, support the sustenance of local communities, and protect the coast from storms and erosions. According to research studies, the most alarming greatest threat to mangroves, worldwide, is shrimp farming – about 35 percent of mangroves worldwide have been lost in the last 20 years.
“Mangroves, salt marshes and seagrass beds may decline while coastal freshwater swamps and marshes will be vulnerable to saltwater intrusion with rising sea-levels”.